Your Manuscript and the Editing Process – Part Two

Last week, I started this series on the editing process. But let’s stop for a moment and look at WHAT you will be editing. I mean, if you haven’t written anything, you aren’t ready to EDIT.

You will be starting with the all-important FIRST DRAFT.

The first draft of anything you write is just the beginning. It’s all about getting your thoughts on paper. You want to completely empty your mind about your story idea. Describe in great detail your MC, and the supporting characters, too.

The MOST IMPORTANT part about the first draft is to simply get the story down on paper. 

Tess Gerritsen says: “I don’t stop to revise during the first draft. Because it’s all going to be changed anyway when I finally figure out what the book is about.”

Once you’ve written the whole story down, you can look at it objectively. You will find out if you even have a story.

It’s also important to remember that nobody writes a perfect first draft. There will be many rewrites and edits after you’ve completed this first step. Most writers write at least three drafts and sometimes as many as 10 or more.

The Editing process is essential, but more importantly, you have to WRITE. Some of you will edit yourselves as you write – but I don’t recommend that. Just write – let yourself get it all out without censorship. You can take out or add parts when you begin to work on your manuscript.

Remember: Writing is a journey through your mind. When you’re writing fiction, you are telling YOUR VIEW on reality. Editing is bringing it into terms that your readers can understand.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Another Part of Speech – The Preposition

At their basic level, prepositions are defined as ‘connecting words.’ They connect nouns and pronouns with other words. Taken a step further, prepositions give information about time, places, and direction.

It is that last bit that makes prepositions so fascinating. On one hand, the discussion about prepositions could be very simple:

It is that last bit that makes prepositions so fascinating. On one hand, the discussion about prepositions could be very simple:

“Prepositions are connecting words, and without them, writing would have no time, place or direction.”

But that one word – time – creates an entirely new level for the preposition. Suddenly, there are phrases like ‘simple’ and ‘perfect’ tenses in the past, present and future. The simple tense merely conveys action in the time narrated.

I would love to be able to discuss these phrases on some intellectual level, but frankly, my understanding of them is limited. (So, we will learn together.)

But for now, the basics of the preposition are as follows:

They describe:

      The position of something: The pen fell between the cushions.

      The time when something happens: My alarm goes off at six a.m.

      The way in which something is done: I type by touch.

A few examples of preposition words are above, after, among, around, along, at, before, behind, beneath, beside, between, by, down, from, in, into, like, of, off, on, out, over, through, to, up, upon, under, with. (But this is only a sample.)

As connecting words, prepositions link nouns and pronouns to other words, called objects, in a sentence. They show space or time between the noun and the object.

For example:

My wheelchair is in the trunk.

 (In this sentence, wheelchair is the noun, in is the preposition, and trunk is the object.)

In the next grammar blog, we will explore more about the preposition as we discuss ‘prepositional phrases,’ and how they affect word usage.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Elements of the Short Story – The Outline

I wanted to share this graphic for creating an Outline for the Short Story. I hope you will find it as useful as I do.

One surprising thing is that most people think that writing the short story doesn’t require as much planning as writing a novel, but that couldn’t be further from the truth.


Because to tell the story entirely and correctly, within the word count, every single word has to count. Every scene needs to fit the framework, along with the arc of your MC. The story needs to reach a peak and come to a satisfying conclusion at the end.

Now, it IS true that writing a short story is a wonderful way to learn the craft of writing and to identify your strengths and weaknesses as a writer. Because you are working on a smaller word count, there isn’t as much pressure as writing a novel.

Additionally, writing the short story and submitting them to the myriad of short story competitions will help you find ways to meet deadlines. One of the best things to drive a writer to write is a deadline. And besides, these short-term goals can be great motivators.

There are fewer rules in writing the short stories, and you can even take the MC of your novel and write about their backstory. Or you can follow the fate of one of your supporting characters after they’ve left the book.

Though most people do not take the same amount of time to research and work on the plot of their short stories, the reality is that to make your story as sharp as you can, you need to do your diligence.

One of the best things you can do is write an outline. The outline will help you identify the key points you need to put into the story, and if you have created this road map, it will be easier to navigate the rocky road while you’re going over seventy miles an hour.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Your Manuscript and the Editing Process

For the next several weeks, I want to talk about EDITING. While it is quite common to feel that ‘your Editor’ will fix all the nits, gnats, and SPAG (spelling and grammar) unless you have UNLIMITED funds for your writing, a Professional Editor is costly.

The cleaner, more concise, and well-written work you can send to an Editor, Proofreader, or anyone else for that matter, the MORE you will earn the RESPECT and PROFESSIONAL courtesies from people who understand everything it takes to create a readable manuscript. (Not to mention – you will save MONEY in the process.)

Over the last twenty years, I’ve belonged to several writing groups. One of the best things about these groups is having OTHERS read your work. And these folks are not your mother, your significant other, or your best friend. No, they are other writers, and often they are more experienced, OR they have eagle eyes. Part of my education as a writer started with the folks in these writing groups. And, I’ve never forgotten how much I learned. I’m also extremely grateful to the writers who took their time to educate me in the intricacies of producing a manuscript versus ‘writing a story.’

EDITING is often used as an UMBRELLA phrase for two very distinct steps in the writing process.

REVISING is a different process, but it is the first step for the writer. We will discuss this further as we move thought this series, but it is important to note the differences. REVISING deals with ADDING sentences, words, thoughts, REMOVING unneeded words and sentences, along with MOVING paragraphs, sentences, or even chapters. Lastly, the REVISING process includes substitutions of words, sentences, etc.

EDITING is the actual process of checking your CAPITALIZATION, word USAGE, PUNCTUATION, and lastly SPELLING.

Both of these items are part of The EDITING Process. They constitute one of the most essential parts of writing.

However, it is often the most neglected, and one that writers hate.


Editing your work is extremely difficult. Let’s face it: we all fall in love with every single word we put on the page. We know the pain of placing those words, and we’re not willing to let any of them go away. But the truth is: Not all of your words need to be in your story.

In this series on Editing, we’re going to talk about the different types and how to self-edit. And I’m going to do my best to give you an overview of how important the edit is to your writing.
MOST IMPORTANT FACTOID – Editing is much more than finding spelling or grammatical errors.

Over the next few weeks, we will be discussing:
Developmental Editing – this is a catch-all phrase, and we will look at the many different terms used for this type of edit.

Proofreading – this IMPORTANT step is crucial. While a perfect manuscript is nearly impossible to accomplish, it is imperative to find as many typographical, grammatical, spelling, and nitpicking errors as you can.

Next week, we will start on the Developmental Editing process and how important it is to your work.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


The Adverb and your Writing

When I think back on those dreary grammar lessons in the fourth and fifth grade, I can remember quite clearly being taught that adverbs were helping verbs. Perhaps I remember it wrong, or my poor teacher had to find an easy way to drill into our heads just what this part of speech is all about.

An ADVERB is really defined as descriptive words used to qualify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.

In writing, we use adverbs frequently, but these words have earned a bad rap. Why? Because we are told that the adverb is NOT our friend. I know that I make it a routine to evaluate the adverbs I’ve used on my editing steps, especially those pesky words ending in ‘ly.’

I think the warning is about using too many adverbs and using them as a crutch. They do not accurately ‘show’ versus ‘tell,’ yet we feel that their descriptive nature makes them do just that.

So, when used right, there are nine distinct types of adverbs.

For example:

  • They describe time-WHEN something happened.
  • They describe place-WHERE something happened.
  • They describe manner-HOW something happened.
  • They describe degree-EXTENT to which something occurs.
  • They describe frequency-HOW OFTEN something occurs.
  • They describe probability-The CHANCE something will occur.
  • They describe duration-HOW LONG something lasts.
  • They describe emphasis-ACCENTUATES as an action.
  • They are interrogative-ASK QUESTIONS.

The frazzled clerk screamed loudly (HOW did she scream?) as the mouse quickly (HOW did the mouse walk?) disappeared behind the microwave.

The previous examples are the MANNER type. Most of this type of adverb end in ‘ly.’ They tell you how something happened.

The other adverbs describe adjectives or other adverbs or add information about the place, time, degree, and frequency.

For example:

I will not go there (place) without a buddy.

After all, I bought two bags of groceries yesterday (time).

The resume we received from him is extremely (degree) extensive, which we seldom (frequency) see when we advertise for this position.

Whenever possible, I always (frequency) fly Southwest.

An easy way to identify adverbs in sentences is to ASK QUESTIONS about the nouns and verbs contained in the text.

Check back next Wednesday for further discussion on the Parts of Speech.

Until then,

~Mustang Patty~


Elements of the Short Story – Endings

Within this series, we’ve looked at how you need to create strong beginnings, meaningful middles, and now we will dive into what must be present in your endings.

Your ending MUST tie up the events created in the middle. The reader has been following the story and watched your characters being pushed into action. Maybe disasters are waiting to happen. It could be that secrets are about to be disclosed, or a deadline is quickly approaching.

Whatever problems you presented in the middle will have to come to a reasonable conclusion in the end.

Stories show us opposing forces that will eventually collide in some way. When this happens, your story is finished. That’s the end.

But you must show the action and satisfy the reader’s need for a satisfying conclusion. If you don’t, your story fails.

For instance, introducing new characters to save the day at the end of your story doesn’t work. It also doesn’t work if a last-minute conflict crops up at the last minute. The ending cannot evade the promised collision.

It is the middle – and how you’ve presented the problems – that sets up your ending. Your ending must be tied to the middle.

So, how do you find a suitable ending for your story?

First, think carefully about where you’ve taken your characters. What problems or obstacles have you presented? What has your story promised the reader both emotionally and intellectually? Have you hinted at your MC growing into a more stable person? Then your ending must show the new stability.

Next, you need to evaluate the forces you’ve set in conflict throughout the story? What are they? Can you list them? Your ending needs to be crafted in such a way that each situation comes to a plausible, satisfying collision, and then a conclusion.

This skill is one of the most important things a writer can learn. Being sure to leave your reader satisfied creates your fan base.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


A Closer Look at Genre and How it Affects Your Writing

Terms for genre can be very confusing. When I was a new writer, I had a great deal of difficulty identifying which genre my stories and novel fell into. It took a lot of reading and searching to figure it out.

I’ll share what I have learned over the past several years here.

What is a genre? Does my story have to fall into one?

Genre is a style or category of art, music, or literature.

As a writer, you will find that the genre of your story controls how you write your story or novel. The genre describes style and focus.

Additionally, it gives you a map for each genre. There are general rules to follow such as: manuscript length, character types, settings, themes, viewpoint choices and plots.  Remember: certain settings suit specific genres. The world of your book will vary in type, details, intensity, and length. (Science-fiction genre stories involve much more detail in the setting than most other genres.)

When it comes to the tone and mood used by the writer, it is important that they also match the genre. Within each genre, there are often sub-genres. For instance, Thrillers can be mysteries, horror, or psychological.

Why Does It matter which genre my story is?

A genre sets up the reader for an experience they are looking for. When a writer chooses a specific genre, they need to remember to fulfill the readers’ expectations. Readers purchase certain books because of the familiarity of the story. Some readers enjoy being on familiar ground and there are reading groups that concentrate on one particular genre.

It is the READER you need to satisfy. Your story must conform to the standards of the genre.

A writer can use genre to their advantage because there are boundaries and models on which they can base their stories. Genres often reflect trends in our society, and they evolve when writers push the guidelines.

Below is a list of the current most popular genres in fiction.

 Romance – generally speaking, these stories are about a romantic relationship between two people. The storylines are all about sensual tension, desire, and hope. In most cases, the storyline keeps the two MCs apart. The obstacles thrown in their way creates tension. There are many sub-genres of the romance storyline – paranormal, historical, contemporary, fantasy, and Gothic.

Action Adventure – these are the stories that put your protagonist in physical danger. There will be thrills, near misses, and courageous feats of danger. The pace is fast and with each second passing, the tension mounts. Finally, the story ends with an intense climax that puts all the fears to rest.

Science Fictionin this type of story, the setting is set in the future, past, or other dimensions. Featured are scientific ideas and advanced technology. A writer who wishes to write these stories must be prepared to spend time building new worlds and using different language. There are many different science fiction sub-genres.

FantasyNot to be confused with science fiction, these stories deal with kingdoms rather than ‘other worlds.’ Again, writers will need to spend plenty of time on world building. These magic-based stories are based on mythical and otherworldly concepts, as well as specialized characters. Specific terminology applies to this genre, and the novice writer will want to study other stories written by well-known authors in the genre, as well as other resources. 

Speculative Fiction-This genre usually overlaps one of the other genres such as science fiction, fantasy, horror, supernatural, or superhero and utopian fiction. Additionally, the apocalyptic fiction is considered as part of this genre, along with dystopian and post-apocalyptic fiction and alternate history.

Suspense/Thriller. A character in jeopardy dominates these stories. This genre involves pursuit and escape. It is filled with cliffhangers and there are one or more ‘dark’ characters that the protagonist must escape from, fight against, or best in the story. The threats to the protagonist can be physical or psychological, or both. The setting is integral to the plot. This is often described as a gripping read. A Techno Thriller is a sub-genre.

Young Adult. Young Adult (YA) books are written, published, and marketed to adolescents and young adults. The Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA) defines a young adult as someone between the ages of 12 and 18, but adults also read these books. These are generally coming-of-age stories, and often cross into the fantasy and science fiction genres. YA novels feature diverse protagonists facing changes and challenges. This genre has become more popular with the success of novels like The Hunger GamesThe Fault in Our Stars, and Twilight.

New Adult. New Adult (NA) books feature college, rather than school-aged, characters and plotlines. It is the next age-category up from YA. It explores the challenges and uncertainties of leaving home and living independently for the first time. Many NA books focus on sex, blurring the boundary between romance and erotica.

Horror/Paranormal/Ghost. These are high-pitched scary stories involving pursuit and escape. The protagonist must overcome supernatural or demonic beings. Occult is a sub-genre that always uses satanic-type antagonists. (This genre is more difficult to write than one would first thing – tone and tension must be kept high throughout the story)

Mystery/CrimeThese are also known as ‘whodunits’. The central issue is a question that must be answered, an identity revealed, a crime solved. This novel is characterised by clues leading to rising tension as the answer to the mystery is approached. There are many sub-genres in this category.

Police Procedurals are exciting mysteries that involve a police officer or detective solving the crime. The emphasis rests heavily on technological or forensic aspects of police work, sorting and collecting evidence, as well as the legal aspects of criminology.

Historical-These fictional stories take place against factual historical backdrops. Important historical figures are portrayed as fictional characters. Historical Romance is a sub-genre that involves a conflicted love relationship in a factual historical setting. 

Westerns-set in the old American West, these stories are rich with setting. Plotlines include survival, romance, and adventures with characters of the time, for example, cowboys, frontiersmen, Indians, mountain men, and miners. 

Family Saga-in this genre, plot lines with on-going stories of two or more generations of a given family are told in great detail. Plots are usually concerned with businesses, inheritances, and perhaps family curses. With the passing of time, the stories are primarily historical, but may bring resolutions into contemporary settings. There is usually a timeline involved in these stories.

Women’s Fiction-this genre encompasses plot lines that are populated with female characters who face challenges, difficulties, and crises that have a direct relationship to gender. This is inclusive of woman’s conflict with man, though not limited to that. It can include conflict with things such as the economy, family, society, art, politics, and religion.

Magic RealismWithin this specialized genre, magic and magical events are part of ordinary life. The characters – usually witches, warlocks, or other mystical creatures do not seem abnormal or unusual. They are simply part of the story.

Literary Fiction-While this genre focuses on the inner lives of the characters, and themes rather than plots, it is declining in popularity. So, it is difficult to sell and maintain a successful career.

And there you have it. Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~

Source for Image: https://www.scifibloggers.com/is-genre-writing-literature/#.Vpe8Nfl96_5


The Article – and how it is a part of GRAMMAR

Though the article is NOT considered a Part of Speech, I want to take the time to look at how this important part of sentences can make or break your writing.

Articles are defined as words that introduce and give information about nouns.

This being said, articles are the most common words in most world languages, and ‘the’ is the most frequently used word in English. (Go back and look at your latest piece of writing and count how many times you’ve used ‘the.’)

There are several types of articles, but the three main ones writers most frequently encounter are: ‘a,’ ‘an,’ and ‘the.’

If you have a noun that is undefined (like ‘a’ or ‘an’), it’s called an indefinite article.

However, when you are referring to something specific (like ‘this,’ ‘the,’ or ‘that’), it becomes a definite article.

So, indefinite articles do NOT refer to a specific object – thus it is NOT definite.

One way to think about it is, if three identical objects were placed in front of you, referring to them by indefinite articles wouldn’t tell you which of the three objects you are referring to.

Conversely, definite articles refer to a specific object. ‘The’ is known as the definite article because it points out a particular object or class.

Other articles that are definite include ‘this,’ and ‘that.’

A good way to think of the definite article is that it specifies which or what you are referring to.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


The Conjunction and Your Writing

Does anyone else remember the song for conjunctions from the Electric Company? Now that I’ve thought of it, I have it stuck in my head. But, that little song taught many of us the purpose of a conjunction.

A conjunction is defined as a word that joins words or groups of words.

In writing, we use conjunctions all the time, but these words cause many writers headaches. Why? Because of comma use and the conjunction.

A simple rule of thumb when punctuating a compound sentence when you have two clauses.

If you are joining two independent clauses – they can stand alone as a sentence; they express a complete thought,

This is when there IS a comma before the ‘and,’ or ‘but.’


If you are joining one independent clause with a dependent clauseit cannot stand alone because it doesn’t express a complete thought,

This is when there ISN’T a comma before the ‘and,’ or ‘but.’

However, there are other kinds of conjunctions and they are as follows:

(The conjunctions are in bold type, and the words joined will be underlined.)

  • Please bring your lunch and three dollars.
  • You must pass every subject and maintain a good average.
  • I placed an ad, but no one responded.
  • I can use the car or the truck.
  • He can either stay here or come with us.
  • He invited both Nancy and me.
  • She succeeds because she works hard.
  • He will let me know when he hears from her.

As illustrated in the above examples, and, but, or, either, because, and when are all conjunctions.

Additionally, there are three kinds of conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions, correlative conjunctions, and subordinating conjunctions.

The coordinating conjunctions are:

  • and
  • but
  • or
  • nor
  • for

The correlative conjunctions are always used in pairs.

For example:

  • The work is not only profitable but also pleasant.
  • Do you know whether Heather is coming alone or with her mother?
  • either . . . or
  • not only . . .but (also)
  • neither . . . nor
  • whether . . . or
  • both . . . and

Subordinating conjunctions are used to begin subordinate clauses (we will explore these further later on.)

In the following sentences the subordinate clauses are bold, and the subordinating conjunctions that introduce them are underlined.

  • There is no use arguing since you have already made your decision.
  • We stayed inside until the storm stopped.
  • You may stay where you are.

One of the tricky things about subordinating conjunctions is that they do not always come between the sentence parts that they join. Sometimes they come at the beginning of the sentence.

For example:

      Although speed is important, accuracy is more important.

      When I take an examination, I become frightened.

These are the commonly used Subordinating Conjunctions.

  • after
  • although
  • as
  • as much as
  • because
  • before
  • how
  • if
  • in order that
  • inasmuch as
  • provided
  • since
  • than
  • that
  • though
  • unless
  • until
  • when
  • where
  • while

Please note that some of these words can also be used as prepositions: after, before, since, until; and others may be used as adverbs: how, when, where. That is often used as a relative pronoun.

Check back next Wednesday for further discussion on the Parts of Speech.

Until then,

~Mustang Patty~


Mustang Patty Presents:

Creating Character Arcs by K. M. Weiland

(There is also a workbook that goes with this book, and I highly recommend the exercises it contains to help you create strong characters. The most important lesson here is WHY your characters need Character Arcs and what they bring to the story.)

I will be giving away a copy of this book sometime in the next week.

Would YOU like to add it to your library?

Simply send me an email: patty@mustangpatty1029.com and tell me how

you think this book would help You and Your Process.

Everyone who sends me an email will be eligible for the prize.

The Winner will be announced on October 1st, 2020

A paperback of the book sent to you at your home address.

When I first read this book, I was just beginning to take the writing process seriously. So, the first thing about this book was that I had zero idea of what an arc was or how it was important to my story.

Reading this book let me in on the secrets of the five most important types of character arcs and how to use them to bring my characters to life. You too, can learn about the:

  • The inspiring Positive Change Arc
  • Negative Change Arcs
  • The Heroic Flat Arc
  • And how to align the structure of your character arcs with your plot

This book is one you will want to review again and again as you learn to create strong characters, and continue to use them to build powerful stories.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


The Adjective

The definition of the adjective tells us it is a word used to modify a noun.

Sometimes it is easier to think of the adjective as describing the noun, but modifying is ‘limiting,’ or make more definite the meaning of the noun. Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns in any one of three different ways.

  • By telling what kind:
    • Brown eyes, small town, or smart student
  • By pointing out which one
    • This woman, that suggestion
  • By telling how many
    • Several reasons, ten players

As you can see in these examples, the normal position of an adjective is directly before the word it modifies. Occasionally, for stylistic or dramatic reasons, a writer may use adjectives after the word they modify.

For example:    The night, cold and foggy, drove us indoors.

There are also predicate adjectives. These are separate from the word they modify by a verb. (We will talk more about predicates when we are futher along.)

For example:    Samantha is pretty.

                          George looked pensive.

                          The dinner was delicious.

                          Her hand felt cold.

One of the things to look out for is words that can be used as an adjective and a pronoun. Some words can be used as more than one part of speech. See the list below for words that can be used both as pronouns and as adjectives.

  • all
  • another
  • any
  • both
  • each
  • either
  • few
  • many
  • more
  • neither
  • one
  • other
  • several
  • some
  • that
  • these
  • this
  • those
  • what
  • which

Nouns are also sometimes used as adjectives.

For example:

  • Sofa cushion
  • Bread pudding
  • Hotel lobby
  • Glass beads

As illustrated with these examples, an adjective describes the noun, but it can be used in many different ways. Using the adjective in different ways will enhance your writing and give it a great deal of range.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Elements of the Short Story – Setting

Your Character’s World – Setting the Stage

All too often, setting is overlooked when writing a short story. I think part of it is the limited word count, and the other part is a tendency to assign very little importance to the setting.

So, I’d like to take a look at how your setting influences the other elements of your story. It’s quite possible to build your world just by ‘showing’ how it effects the other aspects of the story.

All too often, the setting is underutilized and doesn’t help character development when it is a vital part of who your character is, does, sounds, etc.

The setting of the story consists of eight overlapping elements. These elements work together to create a complete picture. They also influence almost every

1. Setting and Plot

The setting can be a driver for your plot. The geographical location, the language spoken, and the weather are all a part of your setting. They will drive your plot with the small details.

2. Setting and Character

Our characters are affected by where they grew up. Was it a small town or a big city? Does your character have an accent? Do they smoke? Were they exposed to drugs and violence while they were growing up? Did they grow up on a farm?

3. Setting and Viewpoint

While the viewpoint of your story may not seem dependent on the setting, it is vitally important to ‘show’ the viewpoint through the narrator’s eyes. Your narrator is either a character or just someone telling the story. What do they think of the setting?

4. Setting and Genre

Certain genres lead readers to expect certain things.

  • Happy stories tend to have happy settings and unhappy stories tend to have darker settings.
  • Love stories set in London make the rainy days and dark corners romantic.
  • Crime drama in London uses those same rainy days to wash away evidence and dark corners as dangerous and threatening.
  • Sci-fi and fantasy writers have their work cut out for them. Not only do they have to invent and reinvent so many elements, they have to think of new names for everything. World-building is a specialized technique that sci-fi and fantasy writers have to consider and work hard at.
  • Historical fiction also demands a lot of research and fact checking. Make sure you get it right.

5. Setting and Dialogue

As students of creative writing, we were taught to ‘set the scene’ when we started a story. This usually meant paragraphs of setting description.

The short stories of the twenty-first century start with more of a bang, and that increases the need for dialogue to inform the reader of what is going on. Using descriptive words is nice, but if you can use what the characters are saying to help set the scene, it’s so much better. 

Understanding the use of dialogue to help add setting allows you to save on your word count without sacrificing important information. Make your characters speak about their surroundings. 

6. Setting and Pace

Setting the pace of your story is a learned technique. Learning to use your setting – such as the weather — can force your plot forward if, for example, the characters have to escape a threatening storm.

Are your characters in a hurry? Set the pace of urgency with traveling from place to place.

7. Setting and Description

Avoid overloading your readers:

Details, people, details, but not too many details. Knowing what to add and what to leave out of a description is one skill a writer must develop. It is up to your to decide if a detail is important to the story or not.

8. Setting and Change

The setting of your story may change, which will also change how your MC is reacting to external forces – the weather, locale, and how the character reacts all add to the layers of your story.

The next Element of the Short Story we will examine is creating a strong beginning to your MS.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~



The definition of a verb is a word showing an action, a state of being, or express a time.

Verbs are sometimes called the ‘doing’ words, and they are also known as the ‘working’ words.

When you use a verb, you also set the tense with the action.

  • I walk. (Present tense)
  • I walked. (Past tense)
  • I will walk (Future tense)

All verbs help to make a statement of some sort. Some will express an action and the action expressed may be physical. Examples of this type of verb are hit, move, and run.

The action could be mental, as shown in these examples: think, know, imagine, or believe.

Verbs have several types. There are transitive and intransitive types.

These types of verbs may or may not take an object – defined as a noun or pronoun that completes the action by showing who or what is affected by the action. A verb that takes an object is called transitive, and are shown by the following examples.

  • The goalie missed the puck.  (Puck is the object of missed.)
  • Sally trusted Mark.  (Mark is the object of trusted.)
  • The waitress dropped the dishes.  (Dishes is the object of dropped.)

(We will talk more about objects in a sentence as we explore further.)

There are certain verbs that are transitive only such as ignore and complete, while some verbs are intransitive only such as arrive or sleep, but most verbs can be either transitive or intransitive.

Verbs can also be linking verbs. These verbs help to make a statement not by expressing action, but by expressing a state of being or condition.

These verbs link to the subject noun, pronoun, or adjective that describes or identifies it (the subject.)

For example:

  • The author is our guest.  (The subject complement guest refers to the subject author.)
  • This is she.  (She, the pronoun, refers to the subject this.)
  • She looks serious.  (Serious, the adjective, refers to the subject she.)

Some common linking verbs:

  • appear
  • grow
  • seem
  • stay
  • become
  • look
  • smell
  • taste
  • feel
  • remain
  • sound

Many of the verbs in this list can also be used as action verbs – when they do not have a subject complement.

The rule of thumb is that a verb is a linking verb if you can substitute for it with some form of the verb seem.

For example:

  • Babe Ruth looked (seemed) pleased.
  • Folks in the stadium felt (seemed) happy.
  • All of the passengers remained (seemed) calm.

In addition to the other types of verbs, there are helping verbs. These verbs are used with the Verb Phrase.

In this case, the verb phrase is made up of a main verb and one or more helping verbs.

Helping verbs are called this because they help the main verb to express action or make a statement.

The helping verb is shown in the following examples:

  • has played
  • will be coming
  • should have paid
  • Must have been injured

A verb phrase can therefore be defined as a verb of more than one word.

In next week’s grammar lesson, we will discuss the adjective.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Telling a story from Multiple Characters’ view

As I stated in last Mondays blog entry about character development, I would like to take a closer look at the creation of multiple characters for a story. I think it’s important to ask yourself some questions.

How many characters can your storyline support?

Are there one or two complex characters, and then some supporting roles?

Can you write believable dialogue for ANY character without doing some sort of development?

I can give you my viewpoint on this matter and share with you what some other writers have said.

I know I can’t write believable dialogue if I can’t ‘hear’ the character in my head? There are more times than I’d like to admit that without delving into the character’s space, I can’t write either dialogue or action.

Additionally, I like telling a story from multiple characters’ points of view when there is a great deal of action. You can describe a scene four different times and each one be unique.

Even in an introspective story, it is always good to have secondary characters. And remember, they don’t always have to be a person. Your antagonist can be the wind, the sea, or an inanimate object.

Next week, we will look at another Element of the Short Story — Setting,

Until then,

~Mustang Patty~


Mustang Patty recommends: The Writer’s Process

The Writer’s Process by Anne Janzer

The entire book title: The Writer’s Process: Getting Your Brain in Gear

I will be giving away a copy of this book sometime in the next week.

Would YOU like to add it to your library?

Simply send me an email: patty@mustangpatty1029.com and tell me how

you think this book would help You and Your Process.

Everyone who sends me an email will be eligible for the prize:

A paperback of the book sent to you at your home address.

This is one of my favorite books. I refer to it every few months, and it is always a comfort when I think I’m blocked. This well-written non-fiction book assures me that my brain is doing exactly what its supposed to do.

Within the pages of this book, Ms. Janzer goes into great detail to explain how ideas and writing need to go through a process in the writer’s mind to become stories and books.

With meticulous research into the psychology of writing, the author takes us deep into our minds. She describes the Inner Process – through engaging prose.

One of the ideas expressed that I’ve really latched onto is that IF the writer is willing to work with the brain, rather than against it, the idea can grow into a well-written piece organically.

The practicality of the book is a welcome addition to your library. I found that by understanding the process, I’ve practically eliminated Writer’s Block and I understand that a story cannot be forced.

What the reviews for this book look like:

“If you’ve ever struggled with getting your ideas out of your brain and onto something others can access (and who hasn’t?), Anne’s book is for you.” Ann Hadley, Author of WSJ Best-seller, Everybody Writes

“Research-based, hands-on, step-by-step wisdom that can help you wrestle with the lizard brain. Certain to help thousands of would-be writers write.” Seth Godin, Author of The Icarus Deception

About the Author:

          Anne Janzer is an award-winning author on a mission to help people communicate more effectively through writing. She is also author of books The Workplace Writer’s Process, Subscription Marketing, and Writing to be Understood.

www.AnneJanzer.com  to join her Blog mailing list and learn more about the process

Until next time,

(Don’t forget to enter your name in the drawing!!)

~Mustang Patty~



While it may seem too basic, or unnecessary to go back and describe the Parts of Speech, it’s essential to regain knowledge about sentence structure when writing prose. While some of us may retain the experience, we picked up in school, many more will discover that their grammar has tarnished over time, and in need of some polish.

When you are editing a piece of your writing, it is essential to autopsy paragraphs and sentences. Understanding the basic principles of what goes into a sentence will be helpful.

If you remember school days, you recall that a noun is defined as a word used to name a person, place, thing, or idea.

Nouns will be the subject or object of your sentence. Therefore, it is crucial to understand what a noun is and what role it plays in your sentences.

The rest of the definition says that nouns can be classified in one of three ways. They can be proper or commonabstract, or concrete, and lastly, concrete.

Proper nouns name a particular person, place, or thing. They are capitalized, and a few examples are Mustang Patty, Salem, and the Statue of Liberty.

comma noun doesn’t name a particular person, place, or thing – common nouns are not capitalized, and a few examples are woman, city, and building.

An abstract noun names a quality, a characteristic, or an idea. A few examples would be beauty, strength, love, and courage.

Conversely, a concrete noun names an object that can be perceived by the senses: hat, desk, book, or box.

Collective nouns name a group: crowd, team, and class.

Grammar is important. Going through the parts of speech will give you the foundation of English. Understanding how sentences are built will allow you to develop your unique style of writing.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Elements of the Short Story


As a novice writer, I searched for some information regarding character development. I’d heard rumors that the best stories were character-driven, and the better you knew your main characters, the better you’ll be able to write believable dialogue and action.


If you’ve ever googled, ‘character development,’ or main characters, I’m positive you found a wealth of ‘Character Questionnaires,’ in your search.

I think I have a total of twenty-two of these questionnaires saved to my computer, but I do not use any one of them – instead, I created a list of questions for myself, by taking certain questions I found to be key from the myriad of online offerings.

So, here are the questions I use when I’m creating a new character. Please note that I have different processes for the short story versus a novel. While the characters in your short story should be three-dimensional, it isn’t essential to study them, create a backstory, or know their entire life history.

(But remember – tailor your questions to what works for YOU!!

  1. What is your character’s full name?
    1. Where did the name come from?
      1. Was it the Mom’s idea?
      1. Or the Father’s?
      1. Are they names for anyone who is deceased?
      1. For a family member
  2. Is your character pretty? Ugly? Beautiful? Will the reader be able to see this person perform the actions you write?
  3. Was your character’s childhood a good one?
  4. Male role characteristics or Female role characteristics OR neither?
  5. Unique gesture
  6. Physical attributes and words
  7. Create a Pinterest board for visualization
  8. Specific genre of music or books or movies?
  9. Is this character your protagonist or antagonist?
  10. The most important goal this character wishes to achieve.

In my opinion, for a short story, you aren’t interested in writing a lot of background. You are usually limited to a certain word count, so unless a piece of information is essential to the plot, it DOESN’T GO IN THE DRAFT.

Depending on the length of your short story, there could be several complex characters. In this case, and that of a novel, you would study characters and their interactions more fully.

We’ll explore that further in next Monday’s blog entry.

Until then,

~Mustang Patty~


Mustang Patty Presents

The Idea by Erik Bork

The entire book title: The Idea, the seven elements of a viable story for screen, stage, or fiction.

I will be giving away a copy of this book sometime in the next week.

Would YOU like to add it to your library?

Simply send me an email: patty@mustangpatty1029.com and tell me how

you think this book would help You and Your Process.

Everyone who sends me an email will be eligible for the prize:

A paperback of the book sent to you at your home address.

I added this book to my reference library a few years ago because I wanted to understand how other people came up with their ideas. As always, I doubted myself. I find it strange that my ideas come to me in the shower, or as I’m just starting to come out of a deep sleep. (I’ve since learned that I’m very lucky to have this happen.)

In Bork’s book, he stresses how finding an idea is the most important part of the writing process – in fact, it’s the FIRST part of any writing project.

Developing the idea fully is key to understanding where you want to take your storyline, but all too often, writers rush right through development and simply start writing.

Bork sites how lack of understanding the idea and sufficiently developing it can kill a project. So, he outlines the seven key ingredients in stories that have a chance of selling and appealing to a wide audience.

They are as follows:

  • Relatable
  • Original
  • Believable
  • Life-Altering
  • Entertaining
  • Meaningful
  • and Solving the Problem

          Bork analyzes each of these key ingredients and how they are important to the premise of the central idea of your writing project.

          I found the book to be well-written and easy to follow. I know that after reading it, I found myself analyzing my idea before I began to write. It simply no longer makes sense to pursue a project that won’t go anywhere.

5 Stars *****

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Introduction to the Parts of Speech

A few years back, I came across an excellent find in a Used Bookstore. It was in an almost-new condition, and it’s a high school Grammar and Composition textbook.

So, I will be using this book as one of my references as we work our way through the Parts of Speech.

To start, I want to list the Parts of Speech – many of you may remember them from high school English, or early college classes.

They are:

  • The Noun
  • The Pronoun
  • The Adjective
  • The Verb
  • The Preposition
  • The Conjunction
  • and
  • The Interjection

I think it is essential to review these terms because, as a writer who wants to use language to convey your meaning, you will need to understand these terms when you’re building meaningful sentences and paragraphs.

Next Wednesday, we will kick off the series with a discussion about NOUNS.

Until next time, (FRIDAY)

~Mustang Patty~


Monday Blogs Moving Forward

As some of you may know, I’m reformatting my blog entries. So, starting today, my Monday blogs will be devoted to Short Story Elements. On Fridays, I will be highlighting resource material on various aspects of the short story. Mondays will follow up with information I’ve gleaned from different places.

While the basic idea for your story is vital, it is also essential for you to understand the elements of story building. The information I give you in these blogs will help you to maximize the impact of your stories.

I will post blogs featuring:

  • Characters
  • Viewpoints
  • Story structure
  • Finding your Voice
  • And much, much more…

This coming Wednesday, I will begin my new Grammar series.

So, until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Your Resource Guide

As some of you may know, I’m reformatting my blog entries. So, starting today, my Friday blogs will be devoted to Writing Resources. If you’ve ever googled ‘books on writing,’ or scrolled through Amazon’s offerings, you know there are hundreds of books written on various aspects of the craft. I’ve decided to give my readers a short synopsis of my favorite resource books, and more than likely comments about the books I didn’t find to be particularly helpful.

While the basic idea for your story is vital, it is also essential for you to understand the industry standard for your presentation. Utilizing resource books such as Style Guides and other references will help you find your voice.

I have a page for Resources on my website, and I will add the books I blog about to my site with a reference where you can find out what I thought and whether I recommend it.

(Hopefully, this will help you build your resource library.)

I will look at writing books featuring:

  • The Short Story
  • Creating Believable Characters
  • Plot Development
  • Building tension within your story

And much, much more…

Check back on Monday when I introduce the new format for that day of the week,

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Mustang’s Guide to Desk References

As the main contributor to ‘Mustang Patty Talks Writing’ (okay, the Only contributor,) I thought I would share the resources I believe every writer should have at their fingertips. I know I’m not the only one who has an extensive library of writing books, but the HUGE choice of these tombs is daunting for some folks.

So, which books do I find essential? (They sit on a shelf just over my desk.)


I bought a box set of Merriam Webster’s Dictionary, Thesaurus, and Vocabulary Builder several years ago. Each volume is an excellent size to keep on your desk and have at your beck and call.

  1. Dictionary – Spelling – You know when the word just doesn’t look right – (DO NOT always TRUST any spell-checker.) Ensure you are using the word correctly by looking up definitions.
  2. Thesaurus – Finding synonyms, so you’re not always using the same word within your text. The use of the thesaurus is a tremendous help.
  3. Vocabulary Builder – The Merriam Webster edition helps me by introducing new words and quizzing me on their use. Marketed as a guide to preparing for standardized tests like the SATs and ACTs, the book is written in an easy-to-understand manner.

Style Guide(s)          

I have several.

  1. My favorite is ‘Elements of Style 2017,’ because it is organized in such a way, I can always find what I’m looking for.
  2. ‘The Chicago Manual of Style,’ is used by the majority of publications, so I own both a hard copy, as well as subscribe to the online resource.
  3. ‘APA Style Guide’ is another resource – each of these guides has a specific type of writing outlined. ALWAYS check with any submission guidelines to determine which guide is used by the place you are submitting stories.      


I cannot stress enough how important it is to EDIT your work before you share it ANYWHERE. Nothing will make a writer look sloppy and amateurish than spelling errors, obvious grammatical mistakes, or missing words.                            

(I’m a judge for an online site and a teacher of Creative Writing, which is one of the biggest downfalls of the beginning writer. Nothing will make you look like an amateur when you submit a work that hasn’t been edited.)                                 

If had to choose a favorite resource. In that case, I probably refer to ‘Proofreading Secrets of Best-Selling Authors’ by Kathy Ide.


The guide I keep on my desk and I’ve needed to replace time or two is ‘The Only Grammar Book You’ll Ever Need’ by Susan Thurman. The book is easy to understand and user-friendly. (I find this book so useful, it is what I give away when I do Author Takeovers on Facebook.)

Character Development:

Since your characters’ development is a crucial element of your storyline, there are LOTS of references out there. My personal favorite is ‘Creating Character Arcs,’                         by K. M. Weiland.

Plot Development:

Along with character development, it is imperative for your storyline to be fully developed. Frequently, your original idea needs to be fleshed out, and taking the time to read some information helps me a lot. My favorite book for inspiration in this matter is the Writer’s Digest book, ‘Crafting Novels & Short Stories.’

The foreword is written by James Scott Bell, who writes excellent guides about story structure and he is considered one of the best Writing Coaches around.

Guidance and Inspiration:

I have several books by my favorite authors, which are mostly their thoughts on the writing process. These non- fiction books are wonderful when I’m experiencing a ‘block,’ or when I need to be reminded why I spend so much time in my den, pecking on keys.

                                  ‘On Writing,’ by Stephen King

                                  ‘On Writers and Writing,’ by Margaret Atwood

                                  ‘The Book on Writing,’ by Paula Larocque

These are just a few of the books I turn to while writing. I hope you will consider this list to be just the beginning of your search for the right guides.

Not everyone will find the same books as me to be a useful resource.

SO, if you have a favorite book on writing and the process that I haven’t listed, please leave a comment, and share your secret!

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Grammar Basics – The Comma – a Definition and RECAP

As we are wrapping up our discussion of the comma, it’s a good time to define the comma and look at the most common usages of it.

A Comma is a punctuation mark. (,)

Commas can be found in:

  • Lists,
  • separate clauses,
  • direct speech,
  • to mark off parts of a sentence,
  • with however,
  • to separate adjectives,
  • and finally, to distinguish a name from the rest of the sentence.

Using a comma in a List:

For Example:

They bought books, pens, staples, and erasers.

(This is where the Oxford Comma comes in. I blogged about it earlier. When the last comma in the series is placed before ‘and’ or ‘or,’ it is known as the Oxford Comma.)

Using the Oxford comma helps you avoid misunderstandings, as illustrated in the following:)

For Example:

My favorite burgers are bacon, cheddar and mushroom and swiss cheese.

Without the final comma, ‘the Oxford,’ in this sentence, the hamburgers could be either mushroom and swiss cheese burgers, or cheddar and swiss cheese.

“There are people who embrace the Oxford comma and those who don’t, and I’ll just say this: never get between these people when drink has been taken.” ~Lynne Truss

Regardless of which camp you fall in, either sentence is correct. It appears to me that the Oxford comma makes your meaning understood.

Using a comma to Separate clauses:

 Commas indicate where one phrase or clause ends, and another begins.

  • Use them where two independent clauses (sentences that are complete and make sense on their own) are joined by conjunctions like ‘and,’ ‘or,’ and ‘but.’

For Example:

I walked to the shops, and I took the bus home.

  • Use them after a relative clause, which is a clause beginning with ‘who,’ ‘which,’ ‘that,’ ‘whom,’ or ‘where.’

For Example:

Authors, who write every day, create a daily habit.

  • Use them when you start a sentence with a subordinate or dependent clause. This type of clause does not express a complete thought. It is not a complete sentence.

For Example:

After we changed the place for the conference, we went home.

  • Use them after introductory words or phrases.

For Example:

Once again, I was sent home for my bad behavior.

Using a comma in Direct Speech:

Use them to quote somebody’s words exactly as they are said or spoken.

For Example:

Johnny answered, ‘I think we have a problem.’


‘No, you’re wrong,’ she said.

Using a comma to Mark Off certain parts of a sentence:

Use the comma to add information that could be inserted in brackets or between dashes. This information is NOT essential to the main sentence to make sense.

For Example:

His latest novel, The Institute, was another bestseller.

Using a comma with However:

Use commas before and after words like ‘however’ and ‘nevertheless.’

For Example:

However, she was still late for the bus.

  • TIP: Don’t use a comma after ‘however’ when it means ‘in whatever way.’

For Example:

However hard she tried; she couldn’t make the cut.

Using a comma to Separate Adjectives:

We need commas if the adjectives are each separate description for an object or person.

For Example:

Sarah’s gorgeous, uppity, devious partner

So, while NOT needing commas to separate all adjectives, we merely need them in the case when the adjectives are part of the same object of the sentence.

For Example:

Lydia’s white cotton blouse

And, finally, using the comma to distinguish a Name from the rest of the sentence:

When you are addressing a person directly, the use of commas will set off their titles, names, or terms of endearment.

For Example:

George, did you sell the farm?

Oh, honey, of course, I will.

Good morning, Colonel.

So, there you have it. I hope you found these short lessons on comma usage to be useful to you and your writing.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~



Grammar Basics – Commas with Dates

Before I start this blog entry, I want to say something about consistency. While it is important in many things in your life, consistency in your writing goes a long way. Regardless if you aren’t sure about how to punctuate something, make sure you punctuate it the same throughout the piece you’re working on at the time. Sure – you’ll still be wrong, but the work doesn’t look nearly as sloppy.

Now that I’ve gotten that off my chest let’s talk comma usage when you’re using dates in your writing.

When you’re writing the month-day-year style, commas must be used to set off the year—this is traditional.

{October 29, 1958}

Further, when you are stating the day of the week, it is also separated from the month and day by a comma.

{Tuesday, November 3}

Conversely, commas are usually unnecessary between the name for the day and the ordinal in references where the month is not expressed. Commas are also unnecessary where month and year only are given, or where a named day (such as a holiday) is provided with a year.

{Christmas Day 2020}

When you are using a date as an adjective, as when the date is describing a noun, the rules are different.

In this case, when using the month-year or month-day date, there is no hyphen or comma needed:

{October 31 festivities}               {December 2014 financial statement}

However, if a full month-day-year date is used as the description, a comma is sometimes considered necessary both before and after the year:

{the November 8, 2016, elections}

This particular construction is awkward and not used very often. Usually, you would see it this way:

{commencement ceremonies on May 27, 2016}.

A few more examples:

The play took place on December 2, 2003, at the Heritage High School Auditorium in Vancouver, Washington.

Her hearing was scheduled for Friday, June 3, 2018.

Monday, July 4, was a holiday; Tuesday the fifth was not.

Next time, we will look at comma usage with addresses.  I hope you’re having a good week and getting lots of writing done,

Until then,

~Mustang Patty~



Grammar Basics – Commas with Introductory Words and Phrases

Another day, and another kind of comma to discuss. As you may be aware of by now, there are so many ways to use a comma in writing, that it’s no wonder people get confused.

And while you might be wondering why bother with learning all this, I think it is vitally important to every writers’ work to understand basic grammar, and especially the comma.

Today, we’ll talk the comma that sets apart the introduction of a sentence from the rest.

As with all the rules and regulations of the comma, it isn’t cut and dry. One cannot say a comma follows ALL introductory phrases or words.As with all the rules and regulations of the comma, it isn’t cut and dry. One cannot say a comma follows ALL introductory phrases or words. It seems that whether or not you use a comma is dependent on the type of expression, its relationship to the rest of the sentence, and its length. You can’t say it because it isn’t true. Whether or not you use a comma is dependent on the type of phrase, its relationship to the rest of the sentence, and its length.

Wow – that was quite a mouthful. As it turns out, though it sounds complicated, once you familiarize yourself with how things work, you will find yourself naturally building this routine into your process.

If a sentence begins with yes, no, OK, well, and the like, using the comma is appropriate. This is also true for oh and ah.

Now that you’re aware of this convention, it is even more critical than ever to read your work out loud before you show it to anyone else.

As some of you know, I have the honor of being a Judge of the weekly contests of Reedsy.com*. One of the most common things I see from these mostly novice writers is some glaring errors that a basic edit would take care of. Which leaves me to wonder, doesn’t everyone do some type of edit before they post their work where the entire internet has access?

Here are a few suggestions from my writing process.

Before I release the majority of my work to the world-wide-web or enter it into a contest, I always READ the piece OUT LOUD. You’ll be amazed at the errors you will find as you read. You will be able to identify missing and overused words. It is also possible to catch grammatical mistakes – such as missing or extra commas if you read with emphasis on punctuation.

Next, at a minimum, use some form of spell-check. While it is true that spell check only looks for misspelled words, and not incorrect word choices, it helps in eliminating basic mistakes.

Grammarly has a free version. Using the free program forces you to learn the basics because it is not foolproof, but if you struggle with sentence structure and word choice, this is a good step for you to incorporate into your editing routine.

Next time, we’ll finish up this short series on the comma. I think we’ve covered the basics, but we will come back to this punctuation mark repeatedly.

Until then,

~Mustang Patty~

*If you would like to compete in the weekly contests, check out Reedsy.com. The site is a valuable resource for writers.


Grammar Basics – The Comma with Descriptive Phrases

Here we are with yet another lesson dealing with the comma. I think when you realize how many blog posts, articles, and Style Guides are dedicated to comma usage, you begin to understand why this little punctuation mark is such a bother.

Today, I want to talk about using commas with descriptive phrases.

Basically, there are two types of descriptive phrases – one is considered essential, and the other is non-essential. The difference between these two phrases comes down to the emphasis of what is being described, the noun serving as the subject of the sentence.

When the phrase is essential to the meaning (and often the identity) of the noun it belongs to, a bracket of commas is NOT appropriate.

The reason for this is because without the descriptive phrase, the noun isn’t complete.

Conversely, when the descriptive phrase is non-essential and isn’t needed to identify the noun, then the phrase is set off with commas.

Here are some examples:

In the sentence,

      The man with the gray and black moustache is my husband.

      (The descriptive phrase, ‘with the gray and black moustache,’ is how the husband is identified – therefor it is essential information, and NO commas are used.)

In this sentence,

      My hubby, with the gray and black moustache, threw the ball for the dog.

      (In this instance, the descriptive phrase, ‘with the gray and black moustache,’ is NON-essential because it is already clear that the subject of the sentence is ‘my hubby’ – therefore it is non-essential information, and commas are required to set it apart from the rest of the sentence.)

Next time, we will cover Commas with Introductory Words and Phrases.

Until then,

~Mustang Patty~


The Oxford Comma Debate

The definition of the Oxford comma (also known as a serial comma—or even a Harvard comma apparently):

It’s the comma that follows the penultimate item in a list of three or more things. It is also a thing that many writers and grammarians love to debate, though I’m not sure why.

So, let’s take a look at the Oxford comma debate. While I fall with those who believe that using this highly debated comma – because it actually makes things easier to understand. (Remember – we want readers to understand what we write.)

So, as far as I can tell, the main argument against using the Oxford comma is that it’s somehow easier to not insert a comma at the end of a list of three or more items.

Let’s look at this example: 

We invited my parents, Herb and Liza.

To me, this makes sense if I invited two people named Herb and Liza, who both happen to be my parents. I included their names in the sentence for easy reference.

But if I actually invited four people, then this could be confusing, because I should’ve done one of the following:

Example #1 (with serial comma): We invited my parents, Herb, and Liza.

Example #2 (sans serial comma): We invited Herb, Liza and my parents.

Both sentences make some sense AND both are grammatically correct.

The confusion comes in when the reader realizes they do not know who Herb and Liza could be. And once your mind begins down that path – it becomes apparent that by not consistently using the Oxford comma, confusion arises for the reader by omitting a comma.

As a writer of flash fiction, I love streamlined language as much as the next person, but this sets up a problem for your reader.

And as a writer who wants to avoid being misunderstand, I’m going to use every tool in my Writer’s Tool Box – including the Oxford Comma.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Grammar Basics – The Comma with Dependent Clauses

(Notice how in the graphic I’ve included with this post, one person is dragging the other – or is it one person trying to stay with the other – this is the dependent relationship I want to illustrate here.)

Well, here we are – back with another day filled with fun facts about the comma. (Okay, maybe it’s only me who thinks they’re fun facts.)

So, in my last post, we discussed the use of a comma when you’re joining an Independent Clause with another one, OR when you’re joining a Dependent Clause with the Independent Clause, also known as a compound sentence. We discussed how a Dependent Clause is one that doesn’t express a complete thought; it cannot stand alone, and it needs more information to make a statement.

In addition to the compound sentence scenario, you will also have introductory dependent clauses. I see this error in a lot of peoples’ writing. The introductory phrase does what it says – it introduces the sentence.

For example:

If you accept this scholarship, we will pay for all college expenses and fees.


Whether you agree with her or not, she is right.

In both of these sentences, you have the opening phrase followed by a comma. As illustrated in these two examples, you can see that a subordinating conjunction (if, because, or when) introduces the dependent clause, and the second part of the sentence is an independent clause.

Conversely, you have instances where a main, independent clause opens the sentence, and a dependent clause follows it. (Very similar to the compound sentence rules)

We will agree to the proposal if you accept our conditions.


Paul sighed when he heard the news.

There are several more discussions in the Chicago Manual of Style** about the use of commas with different kinds of predicates, appositives, etc. I’m not going to cover those – for a few reasons, I fear I would confuse you because just reading about them makes my head spin. And, obviously, I do not feel like I’m understand them well enough to give you any kind of explanation.

So, next time, we will take a look at the Great Oxford Comma Debate.

Until then,

~Mustang Patty~

**the Chicago Manual of Style is the most widely used style guide in writing. It is well worth the investment to include one in your library of reference books, OR subscribe to the online service.


Grammar Basics – The Comma in a Compound Sentence

Welcome back to my crash course in basic Grammar. Today’s blog is centered around the comma in a compound sentence.

First, let’s define what a compound sentence is.

According the Chicago Manual of Style, (the end-all authority,) a compound sentence joins clauses by using a coordinating conjunction. (Coordinating conjunctions include words such as and, but, or, so, and yet.)

The rule is:

IF you have two independent clauses joined with the coordinating conjunction, there IS a comma.

The easiest way I know how to explain an independent clause is that it can stand alone – it expresses a complete thought. (It is really a stand-alone sentence, but it is joined with another complete thought in one sentence.)

For instance: The Uber didn’t get there, so we took a taxi.

‘The Uber didn’t get there,’ is a complete sentence, and so is, ‘We took a taxi.’ They are joined by the coordinating conjunction, so.

Because the two joined clauses are both independent, you use a comma before the conjunction. Think of it as though neither of these clauses needs the other. Therefore, the comma separates them.

Conversely, IF you have an independent clause joined with a dependent clause, there is NOT a comma.

A dependent clause does NOT express a complete thought on its own. It needs the other part of the sentence – the independent clause to make it a complete sentence.

Because the two joined clauses NEED one another to express the thought, there is NOT a comma. (I think of it as a form of codependency.)

For instance: We will sign the proposal if you accept all of our demands.

‘We will sign the proposal,’ is an independent clause – it expresses a complete thought.

‘You accept all of our demands, is NOT a complete thought, therefore it DEPENDS on the first part of the sentence. They are joined by the coordinating junction, OR, and no comma is appropriate in this instance.

I use this rule on a daily basis. You do too. Some of us learned this a long time ago in high school English, while some of us still struggle with it. In my editing process, I read each sentence one at a time. I evaluate any sentences where there is a coordinating conjunctionand, but, or, so, and yet, and I look at both of the clauses.

Are they both independent? (Could they both stand alone?)

IF yes, then there IS a comma before the ‘and,’ ‘but,’ etc.

Is one of the clauses dependent? (Does it need the other part of the sentence to make sense?)

IF yes, then there IS NOT a comma before the coordinating conjunction.

Tomorrow, we will talk about a few other kinds of compound sentences – but I wanted to illustrate this one first. I think it is in this instance where folks have the most errors.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


Grammar Basics

As we begin to talk about Grammar and all the ‘rules,’ I want to take a moment to make sure you understand that I KNOW this is not the most exciting thing about writing.

After all, the tough part is coming up with the idea. After that, you need to develop the characters and their arcs, along with the plot of your story.

Well, yes, all that is true.

However, most of us write, craving an audience for our work.

Ultimately, you want to know that what you wrote is appealing, right?

Grammar is the key to helping you have your work read. Oh, sure, you can post your writing anywhere you want – the Internet has made that incredibly easy. BUT – poor Grammar, lack of attention to spelling, and sloppiness give you AND more importantly, YOUR WRITING, a BAD REPUTATION.

Here’s the real kicker – IF you plan on submitting your work to an agent, a publication, a contest, or you simply want to self-publish, you can’t go wrong by putting your BEST foot forward. Proper Grammar and word usage go a long way in proving yourself as a writer.

Over the past ten years, I’ve joined several writing communities. There are some I’ve remained a part of, and somewhere I left after a few months. No, I’m not a complete snob or anything, but it is challenging to be a part of a group that isn’t serious about their writing. (At least for me.)

In one of the groups I belonged to for over three years, I would read and review at least fifty stories from other people. I would take the time to make constructive criticism regarding the plot, characters, and then I would do a modified line by line edit where I pointed out errors in grammar or spelling.

Several people told me they didn’t worry about ‘that stuff.’ After all, isn’t that what editors are for?

There are two answers to that question:

  • Editors are not going to correct your sentence syntax or paragraph structure – UNLESS you pay them as a Ghost Writer – EXTREMELY Expensive.
  • Editors will go through your MS with a fine-tooth comb and fix all of your grammatical and spelling errors – IF you pay them to do a Line by Line Edit – VERY Expensive.

I concluded that if I didn’t want to spend the little bit of money I make from the sales of my books on editing and other professional services, I needed to learn as much as possible about the mechanics of writing.

So, my friends, I’m going to talk about the dreaded comma and share one way I found to deal with the comma in a compound sentence.

We will also talk about other commas – like the controversial Oxford Comma.

We are going to take a look at using the ellipsis and the semi-colon.

We’re also going to talk about hyphens and capitalization.

I will share my list of the most misspelled words, along with difficult words AND homonyms that are one of my personal pet peeves.

Now, I know what I know, but I also know what I don’t know. So, I will give you the names of some great reference books to have on your shelves for when you are doing the most crucial step in writing:


Until tomorrow,

~Mustang Patty~


Kicking off the New Series with a GIVE AWAY!!

I want all of you to be excited about my next series of blogs. Now the reason I’m worried that you might NOT be excited, is because we will be discussing something we all roll our eyes over.

Yes, I’m talking about Grammar.

So, to make the series go down easier, I’m starting with a Give Away. The series will run for three weeks. I will give a copy of ‘The Only Grammar Book You’ll Ever Need.’

It will be easy to enter the contest**, and I promise to make this as interesting and as fun as possible.


I think you might be wondering how grammar and fun go together. Well, I have spent the last two to three years finding ‘fun’ ways to remember my rules for commas, homonyms, and tricky introductory phrases.

I’m going to share those with you – AND…

I think I might even brave discussions on predicate, past perfect, etc.

(To be honest, I had zero idea of what those things were until a year ago.)

So, come along for the ride.

**If you want to put your name in the drawing,

a)   please email me at: patty@mustangpatty 1029.com

b)  Send me your least favorite grammatical rule,


      your least favorite type of writing.

      (We will then cover those things in upcoming blogs.)

c)   Like my Facebook page and post on my timeline.

Until next time – Wednesday – we will be starting the discussion on everyone’s’ favorite: THE COMMA.

~Mustang Patty~


Rules, Suggestions, and Tips

I have a confession. I’m a hoarder. No, my house isn’t full of piles of junk or anything like that. I hoard articles on writing.

No lie – I have a collection of over a thousand of them saves on my computer. I back them up to Dropbox because Lord knows, I don’t want to lose them.

They are full of advice. They’re written by writers who successfully send their words out into the world. Some of them entitle their ‘Rules for Writing,’ while still others call these ‘tips.’

Numerous articles on character and plot development, along with advice about building your ‘writer’s life.’

Why do I save all of these, you ask?

I save them because when I’m looking for inspiration for a blog, I scan through all of those words and pick my favorite tidbits.

Building my curriculum for my upcoming creative writing classes also sends me into the ‘stacks’ of my computer library. (I cannot wait until the virus allows me to start teaching again!)

So, I will give you the tips and rules I find reiterated by almost every writer.

To be a writer, you have to write.

Write every day.

Read as much as you can.

Over three years ago, I took that advice to heart. Other than when I was so sick, I couldn’t sit up long enough to type, I’ve written every day for over one-thousand days.

I can’t even imagine how many words that is. I do know I’ve completed three novels, eighty-two short stories, and over three-hundred pieces of flash fiction – at least that’s how many I’ve saved. I’m sure I sent dozens more to my recycling bin and emptied.

What does your collection look like? Do you ever go back and review pieces you wrote ‘way back when?’

So, here’s my tip for the day.

Write. Develop your style and tell your tales.


~Mustang Patty~


Back in the Saddle….Again

Well, hello again!! I am SO happy to be back on schedule. My blog helps to keep me focused, and I hope I’m giving some ideas to you fellow writers out there.

My last few blogs discussed our ‘writing muscles,’ and how we can rebuild them or just build them—period.

I know I’ve stressed the importance of writing Every day, along with READING. These two activities are the foundations of your writing.

Today, I want to start the discussion of studying ‘writing tools.’ I’m not sure how much time some of you spend reading non-fiction books about writing. (I know that a lot of folks do – it’s a billion-dollar industry!)

Over the years, I’ve studied the craft of writing, but in these most recent four years, I’ve taken each book I read and used the information for blogging, as well as building a notebook for myself.

My notebook is a GREAT RESOURCE when I’m stuck. So, you can only imagine how I’ve been referring to it over the past few weeks.

The bookcase in the hutch of my writing desk is full of books on writing. I have my books on grammar, character development, novel, and short story best practices. I love to refer to these books. Every time I read; I find another gem to apply to my writing.

So, I will be adding a new facet to my blog. My ‘Mustang Patty’ website has a page entitled ‘Resources,’ and I will be taking one book a week from my reference shelves and breaking it down to help you decide if it might be something that would help you with your writing.

I will also give away one book per month.

Next Wednesday, I will blog my review of The Courage to Write by Ralph Keyes. After I publish the blog, the analysis and link to Amazon will be available from my website.

If you have any suggestions – a book to review OR a book you would like to have a chance to get through a giveaway, just leave a note in the comments.


~Mustang Patty~


More Useful Writing Practices

The next few blogs will be dealing with coming up with a plan to write consistently. I’m reinforcing my journey to get back to writing every day with blog posts that will not only help me but those of my readers who are struggling as well.

Each writer needs their own practice. Another writer’s daily practice of freewriting for an hour at dawn might not be your ideal writing practice. But as long as you’re willing to try new methods, you’ll find what works for you. Here are some suggestions for writing practices that might boost your skills and productivity:

  • Utilize daily prompts – you can find prompts anywhere and everywhere. They are simply one word or a phrase to stimulate your creative flow. I will be starting to post a daily prompt on my Facebook page.
  • Warm-ups: Many writers find that everything comes out awkward at the beginning of a writing session. A ten- to twenty-minute warm-up can get words flowing.
  • Look it up: When you come across a question, such as a question about grammar or the meaning of a word, look it up, especially if it will only take a few minutes.
  • Network with the writing community: Other writers will keep you motivated. You’ll learn from them. And they can offer support and advice.
  • Freewriting is an excellent way to warm up at the start of a writing session. It’s also a good daily writing practice during times when you’re not working on a particular project. And it’s a fantastic way to generate raw material that you can use in various projects.
  • Set goals and create a five-year plan, and then revisit your goals and plan annually.
  • Collect inspirational and motivational quotes about writing and post them around your writing desk or jot them down in a notebook. Review a quote or two before every writing session, or when you don’t feel like doing the work.  (I post an inspirational quote on Facebook daily.)
  • Study poetry (or literary devices and techniques): These tools are the tricks of the trade, and they will take your writing to another level, from methods for structuring language to using devices like metaphors, this is an excellent way to enrich your work.
  • Finish a project before starting a new one: If you prefer (or need) to work on multiple projects simultaneously (I do), then always keep one project on the front burner until it’s complete. That’s your primary (or priority) project. See it through to completion.
  • Step away from drafts for a while before revising to clear your head so you can return to them with fresh eyes.

What Are Your Writing Practices?

What do you consider your most essential writing practices? Are there any necessary or beneficial writing practices you would add to these lists? Share your thoughts by leaving a comment and keep writing.

Hope you all have a GREAT WEEKEND – I will be back on Monday with a fresh perspective on your daily writing habit.

~Mustang Patty~


Back to the Basics

Greetings from my office to YOURS!!

I’m hoping that some of you have been able to return to your working life, and I’m HAPPY to return to my desk. Since I haven’t been blogging on a regular basis, AND I need to get back into the swing of things, I thought I would start blogging about the writing life from the basics.

Come along with me, and if you have an idea of something you would like me to research – PLEASE leave a comment!

How to Get the Most Out of Your Writing Practice

Everybody wants to know the secret to success, and writers are no exception.

We often talk about all the things one must do in order to become a successful writer. From studying grammar to working through multiple revisions, from sending out submissions to building a platform, writers must wear many hats if they hope to succeed.

However, most of those tasks are irrelevant (and success is impossible) if a writer hasn’t acquired the basic skills necessary for doing the work. There’s no reason to worry about submissions, readers, and marketing if your writing habits and skills aren’t up to the task of getting the project done.

You might have a great premise for a story, but if you don’t know how to write a story—or if you don’t have the discipline to finish a story—you’ll never be able to bring that premise to life, at least not in a way that is effective or meaningful.

So it’s essential for young and new writers to develop beneficial writing practices to ensure not only that the writing gets done—but that it gets done well.

Essential Writing Practices

There are many writing practices that you can cultivate. Some will make you a better writer. Some will help you write more or write faster. It would be impossible to incorporate all of them into your writing habits, so you’ll need to choose which ones are best for you and your goals. However, some practices are more useful—and more essential—than others. Below are the writing practices that I have found to be most important for improving one’s writing and producing good work—the practices that are essential for all writers:


Regular Reading

I’m always surprised by aspiring writers who don’t read. I mean, if you don’t read, then why would you want to be a writer? Reading is, in many ways, even more important than writing. It lays the groundwork for everything you’ll write. You’ll learn a tremendous amount of the craft from reading, and if you don’t read, it will show in your work, which will never move past a beginner’s level.


Daily Writing

It should go without saying that if you want to be a writer, you need to do the writing. But many writers spend more time talking and thinking about writing than actually writing. Force yourself to do your writing, even when you don’t feel like it. Allow yourself to write badly and accept that sometimes you’ll write garbage. Even a short, twenty-minute writing session each day will keep your skills sharp and your writing muscles strong.

Study the Craft

You can learn a lot by reading and practicing your writing, but you can’t learn everything. There are aspects of the craft that you’ll only learn through more formal study. That doesn’t mean you have to run off to a university and take college courses, although doing so will certainly help.

You can learn the craft through local or online classes and workshops, by reading books and articles on the craft, and working with other writers (or an editor or writing coach). There is a lot to learn, and the sooner you start, the better.


Revise and Polish Your Work

As you make your way through the writing world, you’ll hear this advice over and over: Writing is rewriting, or writing is revising. A lot of people have the misconception that we writers sit down, place our fingers on the keyboard, and the words magically flow out perfectly. That’s not how it works. The first few sentences or paragraphs are often a mess. The first draft is garbage. But with each revision, everything gets better. That’s how you produce polished work.


Get Feedback

Getting feedback can be emotionally challenging to young and new writers, who have a tendency to take it personally. Harsh criticism, no matter how constructive, can be a bruise to the ego. But you are not your writing. The criticism is not about you; it’s about your work. And without feedback, it’s almost impossible to get an objective view of your skills and the work you’re producing. Separate yourself from your writing. Take the feedback seriously and be appreciative, because it will help you become a better writer. Apply it to your work.

Keep Writing!!

~Mustang Patty~


Surviving in a Sick World

I’m slowly but surely getting back into the swing of things.

I wrote a short story today — and I truly feel like my writing muscles have atrophied while I was down.

Hoping that by next week, I will have my blog up and running.

Hope EVERYONE is safe, healthy, and doing well.

~Mustang Patty~


Pretty Sick Right Now

Just a short note to explain the lack of posts and writing.

I’m sick to the point where I can’t get out of bed or sit up for any period of time. Luckily, I have some good friends to help out at home, but I’m not sure when I will be back to writing.

Thing good thoughts for me,

~Mustang Patty~


I’m WAY behind

Yikes! I know I’ve missed several posts over the past few weeks.

I’m in the last stage of a deep edit on my third novel, and I’ve incorporated many steps to ensure I’m not only paying attention to grammar and structure – I’m also checking my character arcs, story arcs, and making sure ALL of the little details are complete, since this is the final book in this series.

So, I apologize to those of you who are following. I will be back with posts on Creating your Author Platform, Grammar, and Elements of Story SOON!

Thanks for your understanding,

~Mustang Patty~


Essential Elements of Writing

Starting this week, I will be publishing posts on different topics on different days of the week.

Saturdays: Your Author Platform

Mondays:  The importance of Grammar

Wednesdays: Essential Elements of Writing

Essential Elements

When I think of the Essential Elements of writing, I’m referring to the things you need to make a good story or novel. They are:

Plot, Characters, Viewpoint, Dialogue, Pacing, Style, and Beginnings, Middles, and Endings.

On the surface, we can look at this list and say, ‘Oh, yeah. Those things make up a story.’ But it is the blending and weaving of these things that make a GOOD story.

It is imperative that a writer understands how to build a plot and develop characters. The decision needs to be made by the writer about viewpoint – AND more importantly, maintain the viewpoint throughout the piece.

Whether or not a writer understands how to use dialogue to move the story forward is key, along with the proper use of speech and action tags. Each author has their own style – this refers to their knowledge and use of proper structure, punctuation, and grammar. It also is distinctive and unique from other authors.

When it comes to beginning, middles, and endings, it is important for a writer to tell a complete story that involves all three elements. But one can only attain a complete story when all the other six items I mentioned are woven together like a beautiful tapestry.

Next week, we will dive deeper into the plot through definition and its role in your writing.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~

PS: Be sure to check back on Saturdays, Mondays, and Wednesdays for my latest blog.


Parts of Speech and your Writing

Starting this week, I will be publishing posts on different topics on different days of the week.

Saturdays: Your Author Platform

Mondays:  The importance of Grammar

Wednesdays: Essential Elements of Writing

Grammar and Your Writing

During the two years I’ve been blogging, I’ve written several items on Grammar, but I’d like to start from scratch with this new series.

I’d like to go out on a limb and venture to say that many of us begin writing stories when we’re young. We move through school learning the basics of language arts, and we’re familiar with the parts of speech, basic grammar, and punctuation.

But when you’re writing to be understood, whether it be fiction or non-fiction, words, and proper use of them take on a new meaning. And then there’s technique. I will be covering techniques and structure in my Wednesday blogs, but for now, let’s concentrate on the basics of the English language.

What Are Parts Of Speech?

It could be said that they are the building blocks of language. A part of speech can also be referred to as a word class. As a writer who wants to be understood, it is essential to understand the function of the different word classes.

These categories of words each have a separate function in a sentence. According to Wikipedia, ‘In traditional grammar, a part of speech (PoS or POS) is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) that have similar grammatical properties. Words that are assigned to the same part of speech generally display similar syntactic behavior—they play similar roles within the grammatical structure of sentences—and sometimes similar morphology in that they undergo inflection for similar properties.’

There are eight parts of speech in English: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and articles. Each shows the function of the word as well as how it is used grammatically in the sentence.

While this may be a review for many, some of you haven’t visited these terms since you were in school. (Those of you with MFA’s can ignore my prattling.)

One of the best reasons to review the Parts of Speech is for understanding the remarks an editor will have in the margins of your work. Understanding the ins and outs of the English language is after all, their main purpose. And your work needs to show that you understand all these terms, too.

Next Monday, we will begin exploring each part of speech and its role in the sentence.

Join me to discuss what a noun is

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~

PS: Check back on Wednesday for a discussion on one of the Essential Elements of Writing.


Your Author Platform

Starting this week, I will be publishing posts on different topics on different days of the week.

Saturdays: Your Author Platform

Mondays:  The importance of Grammar

Wednesdays: Essential Elements of Writing

Your Author Platform – Part One

With the power of the internet and the world of self-publishing, indie authors are encouraged to develop a Writer Platform. It is an essential tool for your business. It can lead to helping you land an agent or a traditional publishing contract.

In short, a Writer Platform is your visibility as an author.

But be warned, your platform is public, and it can hurt your chances of selling books, gaining acclaim, or attracting people to help you build your brand.

To some writers, social media is something they want to avoid. I, personally, limit my time on Facebook and Twitter. I find them too distracting, and they cut into my writing time.

However, I do have a Facebook page under my pen name, as well as a page devoted to my posts, called ‘Mustang Patty Talks Writing,’ which is also the name of my online blog. Mustang Patty has a twitter account and a profile on LinkedIn.

Essentially, writers can, and should, build their ‘brand’ using social media. The power of the internet exposes you and your writing to a broader audience and allows you to showcase your talents.

One of the critical pieces of your online presence is an author’s website. In addition to having an Amazon profile, a Facebook profile, and presence in other vital media, a website allows you to post information about your projects, books, a blog, and anything you feel will help you showcase your talents.

Building a website can be intimidating and expensive. There are inexpensive ways, and it is possible to complete the process on your own. That is, IF you have the time and patience to learn a new skillset.

However, the latest trends strongly suggest the success of today’s authors is dependent on their online presence. All writers, whether they self-publish or go the traditional route, need to be able to sell their books. Traditional marketing is no longer viable or available, so each writer needs to open up their marketplace.

A website allows people to ‘follow’ you. Through your posts, you tell them what you’re working on when your books are on sale and your views about the world.

A word about my previous ‘warning.’ Avoid being too political or too ‘social’ on your Author page. Remember, you’re being judged not only as an author but as an individual.

Is it worth losing potential readers because you want to share a certain kind of joke? Or express your opinion about the political landscape?

Next week, we will discuss the necessity of a platform and how you can begin to increase your online presence quickly.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~


2020 Artists on Lockdown Collection UPDATE

I’m very excited to announce that the number of stories, flash fiction, artwork and poetry is expanding on a daily basis.

To date, I have 20 artists contributing over 40 pieces of work.

The deadline for submissions is May 31, 2020.

IF YOU have short stories (up to 2500 words,) Flash Fiction, poetry (up to 100 lines,) or any visual art (will be in B/W in the Collection,)

PLEASE consider being a part of this collection.

It will be a loving memory of this historic moment in time. Some of us found creativity to be the only way to keep our sanity. Others continued to create at the same pace as always, but they found the subject of the Pandemic continued to intrude on their daily work.

If you cannot contribute any work, PLEASE consider purchasing copies of the Collection

The 2020 Artists on Lockdown Collection will be AVAILABLE for Sale on September 2, 2020.

The retail price on Amazon. com will be $24.99


You can pre-order copies at the discounted price of $20 plus shipping at:



Your Writer’s Toolbox

How do you approach a new writing project?

Do you find yourself suddenly inspired, and you rush to grab your notebook or dash to your computer to stroke the keys and produce your latest story?

Or do you find yourself sitting with your pen or hands poised, waiting for inspiration?

What if – you approached your writing by thinking about what readers want to read. It makes sense, right? Writing something that readers want to read is half the battle. If you can attract readers, you are getting closer to the marketplace.

So, what do you think writers want from a story?

According to my research: Readers want to be entertained, challenged and inspired.

When I realized this, I started looking at my writing in a different light. Is the latest blurb I wrote entertaining? No – um, how about challenging? Or, can I inspire someone with the words in front of me?

I have an entire electronic filing system full of my writing. I even went back and typed up my early pieces and filed them away. Once in a great while, I will return to something I wrote in my teens and read.

I didn’t write for anyone else in those days. Oh, maybe one or two pieces were written for an assignment in school, so I guess I was writing for an audience of one. My teachers did get the things I wrote from the viewpoint of the reader, rather than myself.

But for the most part, my earliest writings were merely a way for me to release those thoughts from my brain. They read like I metaphorically vomited on the page.

I didn’t truly start writing for readers until I was in my early forties. I began to think about what the readers would feel because I was purposely writing to post online and have my peers critique my work.

And let me tell you, my early work didn’t get excellent reviews. The comments quite often hurt my feelings. But then, some folks said to me that if I learned the ‘rules of the road,’ my stories could be great.

What do I mean when I say, ‘rules of the road?’

I’m talking about structure. And the ever-popular ‘g’ word. Yes, I’m talking about grammar. But I’m talking about technique, too.

Over the next few weeks, my blogs will be about writing techniques and their importance to your work. Sprinkled in, there will be some lessons on grammar because you can’t write without grammar.

Or, if you do, you can’t expect the average reader to be able to understand what you wrote. After all, we’ve been reading things with grammar since we started reading. (Except for government forms—they barely make sense to anyone.)

Do yourself a favor. Take a close and objective look at what you write. Is it for YOU or for your readers? I think you’ll be surprised.

So, please join me as we look at the nuts and bolts of writing over the next several weeks.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~

Elements of the Short Story: Middles

Last week, we addressed Beginnings and how important they are to your story. This week, we’re going to take a look at Middles.

The Middle of your story is essential to the overall success of the piece. First of all, it needs to build on the elements that began in the Beginning. The characters you introduced must move towards the end of the arc, and the conflict must be fleshed out.

While one definition of the Middle is everything after the introduction of the main characters/conflict and before the climax. Well, that’s not really ALL the Middle of your story is.

Is it?

In the short story, maybe. But in longer stories and a novel, the Middle is the good stuff. The things that breathe life into your characters and show the progress being made to work through the conflicts.

In a novel, the Middle is easily most of the book. For instance, by the end of Chapter Six in Gone with the Wind, we’ve met the four central characters, we understand what each of them wants and expects from the others. We know the obstacles keeping each character from what they want. We’ve also witnessed the Beginning of the Civil War.

If you use Gone with the Wind as a blueprint for a novel, you can see that its climax is summarized in the last chapter. Therefore, Chapters Seven through Sixty-two – roughly eighty-six percent of the book could be called the Middle.

Seven through Sixty-two. Think about that. Yes, Gone with the Wind is an epic and a long book, but it is rich and detailed. When I read it for the first time when I was twelve, I decided right then and there that I would write a book, or books, that could move people the way it moved me.

A term used for the Middle of the story is Throughline. This means your story’s main plotline, which answers the question, “What happens to the Protagonist?” In a novel, many things will happen to the protagonist, and the Middle describes them.

In a short story, it is often the only thing that happens to your protagonist. The Middle of your story tells the tale of the journey. The Middle moves your protagonist from the introduction through the climax.

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~

Mustang Patty Presents:

What’s the Story? By Melissa Donovan

The subtitle for this book is:

Building Blocks for Fiction Writing

(from The Storyteller’s Toolbox)

Melissa Donovan has an excellent series of books written for writers of fiction. I own several and they are a great resource for me. She also has a few books of exercises that I go to when I’m ‘stuck.’ Additionally, she has a blog that is always full of good information. 

Check it out: https://www.writingforward.com/writing-resources/   

(While you’re there, sign up for her weekly newsletter.)

I will be giving away a copy of this book sometime in the next week.

Would YOU like to add it to your library?

Simply send me an email: patty@mustangpatty1029.com and tell me how you think this book would help You and Your Process.

Everyone who sends me an email will be eligible for the prize:

A paperback of the book sent to you at your home address.

I find that this book is an excellent resource because it covers so many of the elements of story writing all in one place. This book explained, in great detail, so many different terms: character, plot, conflict, and change. It challenged me to understand the story in a myriad of ways.

If you want to understand how the elements work together to form your story and allow you to learn about what a story is made of and how it is developed – then this is the book for you!

Send me an email TODAY so you will be entered in the drawing – you won’t be sorry!!

Until next time,

~Mustang Patty~

%d bloggers like this: